Most geochronologists maintain that pleochroic haloes give evidence that decay constants have not changed. Uniformitarianism is an ideology without a foundation.
- Free Dating Site. Perhaps also coal and oil deposits in the polar regions are there because huge mats of uprooted vegetation there during the Flood. Note that if there are small pockets in crystals where both parent and daughter product can accumulate from the lava, then one can inherit correlated ages from the lava into minerals. Of course, the thermonuclear reactions in the star would also speed up radioactive decay. As for K-Ar dating, here is a quote given above: "As in all dating systems, the ages calculated can be affected by the presence of inherited daughter products. In general, older rocks should have more argon because they have been subject to more exposure to such argon, but their true age is not necessarily related to their K-Ar radiometric age. We now consider in more detail one of the problems with potassium-argon dating, namely, the branching ratio problem. At low temperatures, this may become the dominant means by which argon diffuses into a mineral, but the effect of this kind of diffusion at low temperatures may not be evident until many years have passed. Some evolutionists use similarities between three particular animals to argue that animal A evolved into animal B based on the fact that animal X exists. Some evolutionists are proposing that life originated not in a primordial sea but on some clay template. Another proposal is the "life seeded by aliens from outer space" theory, which also has no foundation and just shifts the problem to some other planet. One who is an evolutionist tends to look at the similarities and conclude that there must be common ancestries between various kinds of animals.
"Logic" and "common sense" are concepts presented as intuitively obvious, consistently applied, and profitable, but are certainly not a science. But then it is claimed that we can detect leaching and heating. This suggests that what is occuring is some kind of a mixing phenomenon, and not an isochron reflecting a true age. The amount of water spewed out from all these volcanoes is estimated to be about a cubic mile. In these rocks are found the fossils of various shellfish and crustaceans, sponges, worms, jellyfish, and various other complex invertebrate life forms. Let's call it a "wimpy isochron" otherwise. All proteins are manufactured within a living cell in complex structures called ribosomes. My concern is instead to know how much stamina the evidence has against other evidence that may call it into question. As a result, lava found in deeper layers, having erupted earlier, would generally appear much older and lava found in higher layers, having erupted later, would appear much younger. In any event, I don't see how the lava in the center of the Atlantic could have a young age in the conventional view, since it would have cooled rapidly under a lot of water, and would have retained its argon, making it look old. The argon that may either diffuse into the minerals or may be occluded within them is derived by outgassing of K-bearing minerals in the crust and mantle of the Earth. The mountains were formed where the continents eventually hit something and buckled upwards. Natural Selection The concept of natural selection involves a tautology and is not a cause that would be expected to result in different or more complex designs. Since coal is relatively incompressible, Gentry concludes that these particles of uranium and polonium must have entered the deposit before it turned to coal. Again I confirm that the claim about the shellac appears to be totally false and merely a smokescreen to avoid the implications of an uncomfortable radiocarbon date. Let us suppose that on one of these radiotelescopes the following message is received, to the evolutionists' delight: "Hello. Here is a mixing scenario for false isochrons. The partial pressure of argon should be largest deepest in the earth, and decrease towards the surface. Varves are thin repetitive sedimentary layers that are used to argue for a long history of the earth. Those wishing to be on the forefront of knowledge must look beyond this paper. Of course, so much sediment entering the ocean would cause the sea level to rise, to some extent. Down to earth dating profile. And lo and behold, the computers have actually gotten better and more sophisticated. This would make them appear old. This seems unlikely if these periods were really millions of years long, since there should be some evidence of their passing, but becomes more plausible if these periods were much shorter. These processes correspond to changing the setting of the clock hands. Intelligent design, planning and intent is not a natural phenomenon. Circular reasoning is employed to defend the Oparin Hypothesis. Neither will ever satisfy the other or a discerning observer. I looked up some information on bentonite. states that very many igneous bodies have little or no biostrategraphic limits, so just about any age is acceptable. And that is not a scientific matter. But isochrons might be able to account for pre-existing daughter elements. It gives the diffusion equation for argon escaping from a rock as it cools. This is at least close to what I am looking for. Because something is producing the short-term comets, therefore the young-earth metric is invalid." Io, the still-volcanic moon of Jupiter: Small bodies like Io should have lost the heat and energy that it takes to be volcanic a long time ago. By measuring the ratio of daughter to parent, we can measure how old the sample is. The oldest evolved life forms that supposedly arose out of the sea are logically to be found in the lowest layers. So let's call an isochron a "super-isochron" if the concentration of the parent element varies from one sample to another. Effective online dating profile. Amino acids can also combine with non-peptide bonds just as easily. The polar regions and significantly beyond were soon frozen.
Unreliability of Radiometric Dating and Old Age of the Earth. It leaks out of rocks very readily and can move from down deep in the earth, where the pressure is large, and accumulate in an abnormally large amount in the surface where rock samples for dating are found. The continents are not constantly moving on some geologic conveyer belt, but literally slid on top of the water of the collapsing subterranean chamber to their present locations where they are now nearly motionless. Joly concluded that the decay rates have varied on the basis of his finding a variation of the radii for rocks of alleged geological ages. Song lyrics about online dating. Extensive analysis of the Australopithicene bone structure has called into question whether the animals ever walked upright. Clocks tied to the Earth's rotational energy lack the precision of isotopic dating methods, and they are only applicable to a small number of formations which have excellent preservation of fairly small details. The number of dates that disagree with the expected ages is not insignificant. I should point out that I do not consider myself an authority on the leading edge of modern creationism, although it may seem so to the uninitiated. Mammal bones, stone tools, and an elephant bone ground to a point were also found. In a similar way, argon could enter the rock from the air or from surrounding rocks and make it look older. Assuming that there is more in our "primordial sea" than just amino acids and water, we will encounter scenarios where these other reactions will take place instead of the ones we want to produce a protein. Because uniformitarianism is not defensible, therefore its application in the defense of evolution is not valid. of Chicago, "A large number of well trained scientists outside of evolutionary biology and paleontology have unfortunately gotten the idea that the fossil record is far more Darwinian than it is. There is a lot of flexibility in the design of such examples, as I indicate, and it is reasonable to assume that some of these examples would be natural. Whether or not designer was designed makes no difference to the point that design demonstrates a designer. This shows that rocks can adsorb a large amount of argon relative to the argon needed to give them old K-Ar ages, and also suggests that old K-Ar ages can be produced by external argon from the mantle. Not infrequently such resetting of the radiometric clocks is assumed in order to explain disagreements between different measurements of rock ages. Rocks from deeper in the crust would show this to a lesser degree. Clearly, meaningful words are a very small subset of what we would expect to get from random letters. If the results of research don't support uniformity, the research is at fault. This must be an unusual occurrence, since I don't ever recall seeing the bottom of a lake with zillions of well-preserved dead fish covered with preservative bacteria. Because there is a dynamo, the magnetism in the earth has not been monotonically decaying. And as I said above, I'm also interested to know how much of the fossil-bearing geologic column can be dated by isochrons, and how the dates so obtained compare to others. But since there is a fixed amount of mass beneath the crust, this would mean that the crust would have to rise somewhere else. I believe that bentonite occurs in a number of formations of different geologic periods, so this could be checked. This conventional "wisdom," which is presented as dogma, is based upon uniformitarianism, which is not defensible. If a particular number had been specified in advance, that would be a different issue. So magma holds tremendous amounts of argon. So I proceed to flip the coin, and it comes up heads. Naughton, "Radiogenic Helium and Argon in Ultramafic Inclusions from Hawaii," Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. Woodmorappe is clearly misusing illite and glauconite dates to simply pad his list. It has stagnated in some areas for years with little progress compared to other sciences. Such transitory streams, rivers, or creeks are noted for their gullying effects, especially for their rapid rates of erosion, transportation, and deposition. Henke criticizes my concern that argon can move in and out of minerals: Dr. Say I flip a coin and it comes up heads. I grant this work to the public domain. The issue is not just how well this was known in the past, but which value was actually used, and whether dates published in the past have been computed with the most recent value. Geochronologists are aware that excess argon may accumulate on mineral surfaces and the surface argon would be removed before analysis.
Age of the Earth - Wikipedia. The formation of living matter from non-living matter by chance remains within the realm of speculation without foundation. It is no mystical or necessarily religious concept. But sickle-cell anemia itself is a lethal disease and represents a deterioration of function when compared with a normal person who has no disease. There is not absolutely reliable long-term radiological "clock". ---------------------------------------------------- The following are a few of the many organizations involved specifically in creation-oriented research and apologetics. It could also lead to convection currents in the core of the earth, redistributing the mass there and causing the rotation of the earth to speed up or slow down dramatically. Concerning this issue, one individual sent me the following information: The papers of Miller's that are cited by Lepper are: Fields, W., H. The Designer of the universe can be assumed to be apart from the universe and not necessarily bound by any process or phenomenon which we observe. The fossils found in each layer make up an approximately ordered sequence, from the fish in the lowest layers to the land-dwelling mammals in the highest. A few sources have said that Sr is mobile in rock to some extent. A scientific hypothesis is tested through laboratory experiment/observation and theoretical analysis. Many ancient lava flows are relatively flat, in contrast to modern ones.. Overall, the geologic time scale is in great shape. My conclusion for the geologic column is, not much. Random genetic mutations are claimed to be a key factor by which simple life forms evolve into more complex ones. The fossil record is consistent with creation according to separate kinds. If this condition does not hold, invalid ages and intercepts are obtained. Also, the diffusion of argon in cracks and channels of a mineral is likely much less temperature-dependent than diffusion through unbroken regions of the mineral, since diffusion through cracks and channels simply involves jumps through the air. This paper also discusses Mount St. The periods of relative quiet contribute only a small part of the record. Hutchinson, "Marginalia," American Scientest, Vol. So to me it seems to be certain that these ages must be in error. If it dates too young, one can invoke a later heating event. The random formation of amino acids produces an equal proportion of left-handed and right-handed molecules. The lousy computers don't sell, and people don't buy the lousy computers. The best source of information regarding a design can be had by inquiring of the designer. If the minerals in the lava did not melt with the lava, one can obtain an age that is too old. These are not like anything we know today. Thus crystals, as they form, may have tiny imperfections that accept parent and daughter products in the same ratios as they occur in the lava, so one can inherit ages from the lava into minerals in this way. Gentry also finds a variation in the haloes leading him to conclude that the decay constants have not been constant in time. This would not have much effect on most nucleii, but it would cause radioactive nucleii to decay. They were the first to be buried, and the least able to escape the deluge. You have to follow arguments between experts on different issues and see where they go. Of course, this would lead to a major, worldwide catastrophe. Dalrymple goes to great lengths to explain this away, but I think this figure is very telling, and find his explanations unconvincing. The proliferation of the best computers and the extinction of the worst is observed. If this were not the case, then no scientific progress could be made. Now, some claim is being made about these distributions. We can also say that certain formations tend to give reliable dates and others do not, depending on whether the dates agree with K-Ar dates. A defense of Creation In the computer industry, we know that any computer system functions according to a design and contains highly coded information. Deception with keith barry dating tips. Plaisted wants to give his readers the impression that argon can readily move in and out of minerals and, therefore, the gas is too volatile for radiometric dating. The argument from design insists that complex and sophisticated designs demonstrate the existence of a designer. So similarities between species do not demonstrate that either creation or evolution happened. This would be less than one part in a trillion entering the rock each day, on the average. We weren't there to observe either evolution or creation happen. And random genetic mutations should be expected to corrupt the existing coded genetic information. This type of lava typically forms granite or quartz. They concluded by suggesting some unknown nuclear process which no longer operates to have generated the Ar." This implies that excess argon is coming from somewhere. Dating questions esl. The only place left would be somewhere near the middle of the Pacific Ocean.
Changing Views of the History of the Earth